External Corrosion Of Pipe Riser API 5L X52 On Tidal Zone Of Offshore Production Platform

Wakhid Yani Khoirudin

Abstract

External corrosion on mature oil and gas field installation very challenging issues. External corrosion of pipeline riser on tidal zone is the most case for pipeline corrosion [2]. API 5L X52 is familiar pipeline for offshore oil and gas production facilities. Pipeline riser external corrosion on tidal zone have some consequences, time constrain related tidal cycle, production loss, oil spill impact to company reputation, costly maintenance. This research intended to find out effect of tidal cycle and salt water salinity to the rate and type of corrosion on API 5l X52 pipeline riser. Tidal cycle is modeling by wet and dry coupon on salt water. Corrosion rate measure by weight loss coupon. Corrosion product examine by XRD. Chloride contents and oxygen dissolve combination resulting maximum corrosion rate. Oxygen dissolve is main factor to corrosion on salt water. Maximum oxygen dissolve on salt water concentration 3.5% wt. On high salinity salt water corrosion rate depend oxygen dissolve [2]. Tidal cycle has impact to corrosion rate. General corrosion type happen on all coupon with corrosion product component Fe2O3, Fe3O4 examined by XRD.

Keywords

Tidal Zone Corrosion

References

Upadhyay, S. N., & Namboodhiri, T. K. G. (2003). Effect of thermal and mechanical treatments on corrosion of API X-52 grade line pipe steel in flowing 3.5% NaCl solution.

Amira N. B. M. R (2015). A Study On The Performance of Splash Zone Coating System, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia

API. (2013). Specification for Line Pipe. In API Specification 5L.

Bai Y. (2001). Pipelines and Risers, Elsevier Ocean Engineering Book Series Volume 3

Bhandari, J., Khan, F., Abbassi, R., Garaniya, V., & Ojeda, R. (2015). Modelling of pitting corrosion in marine and offshore steel structures–A technical review. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 37, 39-62.

Cervantes-Tobón, A., Godínez-Salcedo, J. G., Gonzalez-Velazquez, J. L., & Díaz-Cruz, M. (2014). Corrosion rates of API 5L X-52 and X-65 steels in synthetic brines and brines with H2S as a function of rate in a rotating cylinder electrode. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 9(5), 2454-2469.

Callister W.D. Jr. and Rethwisch D.G, Materials Sciences and Engineering An Introduction 9th Edition, John Wiley & Sons.

Askeland, D. R., Fulay, P. P., & Wright, W. J. (2011). The science and engineering of materials. Nelson Education.

Yu, J., Wang, H., Yu, Y., Luo, Z., Liu, W., & Wang, C. (2018). Corrosion behavior of X65 pipeline steel: Comparison of wet–Dry cycle and full immersion. Corrosion Science, 133, 276-287.

LINS, Vanessa de Freitas Cunha; FERREIRA, Mitchel Leonard Magalhães; SALIBA, Patrícia Alves. Corrosion resistance of API X52 carbon steel in soil environment. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 2012, 1.3: 161-166.

Liang, M., Melchers, R., & Chaves, I. (2018). Corrosion and pitting of 6060 series aluminium after 2 years exposure in seawater splash, tidal and immersion zones. Corrosion Science, 140, 286-296.

Corrales-Luna, M., Olivares-Xometl, O., Likhanova, N. V., Ramírez, R. E. H., Lijanova, I. V., Arellanes-Lozada, P., & Estrada, E. A. (2017). Influence of the immersion time and temperature on the corrosion of API X52 steel in an aqueous salt medium. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 12(7), 6729-6741.

Likhanova, N. V., Nava, N., Olivares-Xometl, O., Domínguez-Aguilar, M. A., Arellanes-Lozada, P., Lijanova, I. V., ... & Lartundo-Rojas, L. (2018). Corrosion evaluation of pipeline steel API 5L X52 in partially deaerated produced water with high chloride content. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 13, 7949-7967.

Malau V., (2018), Korosi, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Dept. Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

Melchers, R. E. (1994). Pitting corrosion in marine environments: a review. Department of Civil Engineering and Surveying, University of Newcastle.

Nontji A. (2007). Laut Nusantara. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Adedipe, O., Brennan, F., & Kolios, A. (2016). Review of corrosion fatigue in offshore structures: Present status and challenges in the offshore wind sector. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 61, 141-154.

Pavuluri, S. (2014). Kinetic approach for modeling salt precipitation in porous-media. GRIN Verlag.

Rihan, R. O. (2013). Electrochemical corrosion behavior of X52 and X60 steels in carbon dioxide containing saltwater solution. Materials Research, 16(1), 227-236.

Zaferani, S. H. (2015). Failure Analysis of Corrosion Case Histories.

Salleh, M. M., Al Bakri, A. M., Alida, A., & Kamarudin, H. (2013). Effects of Seawater (Salt Water) to Aisi 304 Mechanical Properties. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 7(7), 545-554.

Wildan, M.W. (2018).,Pengujian dan Karakterisasi Material (PKM), Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. Gadjah Mada University

Yulianda F.(2009). Pengantar Lingkungan Laut. Institut Pertanian Bogor

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 30 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.